It can take some time to learn all the terminology affiliated with CBD. The terminology frequently used seems to continually be expanding. Everyday there is a new word or phrase being tossed around on the internet or in dispensaries. If you're new to CBD, you're likely already overwhelmed by the product offerings so adding confusing terms to the mix is sure to make your head spin. That’s why we are here to help you hold on tight and stop that head spinning!
We've tried to break things down for you by simplifying the definitions for some of the 14 most frequently used terms.
Bioavailability: The amount of a substance (here CBD and other minor cannabinoids) that enters circulation and becomes available to its intended biological destination. Basically, how much your body is actually taking in. Nano infused gummies have very high bioavailability.
Broad Spectrum: CBD oil that has been extracted from the hemp plant and contains all the plant’s naturally-occurring compounds. These include terpenes, flavonoids, and all other cannabinoids except for THC. For comparison, full spectrum is broad spectrum but with THC. Common broad spectrum products are vegan CBD gummies.
Cannabidiol: an active ingredient derived from the hemp plant and the scientific name for CBD.
Cannabinoid: compounds found in the cannabis plant, the most popular of the compounds being delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
COA: Certificate of Analysis or COA, are lab results showing the potency and purity of CBD products. These lab results include milligram amounts of minor cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, CBC and CBL.
Entourage Effect: The theory that the full effects of CBD are realized when the cannabinoid works in conjunction with other compounds of the plant, including other cannabinoids (think, THC, CBG, CBN, etc.), terpenes, and flavonoids. The synergy amongst these compounds is believed to amplify the effects of each.
Flower: The buds of the hemp plant.
2018 Farm Bill: Signed by the President on December 20, 2018, this bill legalized growing hemp under federal law. A key component is the requirement that the hemp remain under 0.3% delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, although recently there has been a large push to increase the limit to 1.0%.
Hemp: a variety of cannabis sativa L. It has been cultivated worldwide for many centuries and has been used for many practical applications including but not limited to fiber, food, textiles, construction materials and more. Full of cannabinoids, in particular, CBD, hemp has been a key in producing CBD rich confections, including vegan gummies.
Hemp Extract: is the CBD rich oil that is extracted from the hemp plant. Sometimes referred to as CBD oil, but not to be confused with hempseed oil which does not contain any substantial amount of CBD (see below).
Hempseed Oil: Made by pressing the seeds of the hemp plant, this oil does not contain any significant amount of CBD. Many products currently featured on Amazon, ebay and Groupon contain hempseed oil not CBD oil.
Isolate: The purest form of CBD and strictly CBD, is seen at room temperature in crystal form. However, isolate is lacking many of the minor beneficial cannabinoids.
Potency: Refers to the concentration of the CBD oil and therefore, the strength of the CBD oil. The higher the potency of a CBD product, the more CBD it contains. Typically CBD products range from 200mg to 1000mg per product, with single recommended doses ranging from 5mg to 50mg. It is important not to equate high potency with quality, for quality refer to the companies lab reports and farming techniques.
Terpenes: Found in many plants, terpenes are aromatic compounds found in high concentrations in the cannabis plant. These are one of the compounds believed to assist in producing what is known as the entourage effect. Terpenes have garnered much more attention in the recent years, leading some companies to begin publishing the terpenes present in their respective products.
Have questions regarding other terminology not listed above? Feel free to give us a shout at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will be happy to answer them.