Cannabinol, or CBN, is a cannabinoid derived from the cannabis plant with some studies reporting slight psychoactive properties and others reporting none. CBN is formed through the oxidation and decomposition of THC and is being studied for use as a sedative, neuroprotectant, appetite stimulant and for glaucoma and potential anti-inflammatory properties.
Now let's dive into this further.
What is CBN Oil?
Cannabinol, or CBN is one of many cannabinoids derived from the cannabis plant. CBN was the first cannabinoid to be identified and isolated from the cannabis plant. Although CBD has been the heavy focus of the hemp plant and THC the primary focus of the marijuana plant, CBN has been gaining in popularity.
Before we move forward remember that both the hemp plant and marijuana plant are from the cannabis family. The key difference is legally, in that a hemp plant must contain less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC to be federally legal, meanwhile a marijuana plant does not have the same restriction. Delta-9 THC has psychoactive properties and is the key component for the difference in legal treatment.
CBN is created from the oxidation and decomposition of THC. This explains why older cannabis often has a higher concentration of CBN; as the THC potency decreases due to oxidation and decomposition, the level of CBN increases. Some consumers specifically seek out older cannabis for its higher CBN concentration. When CBN is extracted from the cannabis plant, CBN oil is pure in form and can be combined with other extracts to increase their overall CBN potency or infused individually into various products, such as gummies.
When used in conjunction with other cannabinoids, studies have suggested that CBN may have sedative properties, but we will dive into more of that later.
Is CBN the same as CBD?
Although both are derived from the cannabis plant, CBN is not the same as CBD. CBN is produced from degrading THC and has a different chemical structure then CBD. Both are being studied heavily for similar and different uses. CBD does not strongly bind to either the CB1 or CB2 receptors, meanwhile, CBN has a high affinity toward the CB2 receptor.
What is CBN Oil Used For?
Since CBN is growing in popularity, let's discuss why and what it’s being used for.
Sedative - Although more research is needed, current studies suggest CBN as having sedative properties. The jury is somewhat mixed on this, with some researchers suggesting that the potential sedative properties are the result of numerous cannabinoids working in synergy to produce such sedative effects. This synergy is also referred to as the entourage effect, which suggests cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes when consumed, work in synergy to bring upon increased effects.
This theory helps support the importance of consuming broad spectrum hemp extract which maintains these additional cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, but without any detectable THC Broad spectrum hemp extract can be found in infused vegan gummies and paired with other rare minor cannabinoids.
Neuroprotectant - In a 2005 study, 5 mg of CBN was administered to rodents over a period of up to 12 weeks in order to take a look at whether it could delay the onset of ALS. The results were promising in that the treatment significantly delayed disease onset.
Antibacterial - CBN has been tested on certain strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria that are resistant to traditional antibiotics. The results thus far have been promising in using CBN and other cannabinoids for antibacterial means.
Appetite Stimulation - It is generally understood that THC has appetite stimulant properties, however, in a study conducted on rodents, CBN was found to increase the appetite of those treated with CBN. Although more studies are needed, this study proposes the alternative of CBN to THC for appetite stimulation. This finding would be important especially for those looking to avoid the psychoactive properties associated with THC.
Anti-inflammatory - In a 2016 study conducted on rodents, CBN was administered and evaluated for possible anti-inflammatory properties. The results support CBN as a possible mechanism for reducing arthritis.
Glaucoma - In a study conducted on rabbits, it was found that THC, CBN and nabilone "were active in lowering intraocular pressure in rabbits", leaving scientists intrigued by its potential effectiveness for glaucoma.
CBN Oil Side Effects
Other than the potential therapeutic properties mentioned above, there are no known side effects of CBN. It is not say there are no side effects, simply there have not been enough studies conducted for anyone to definitively say there are no side effects.
Regardless, it is always good practice to speak with your doctor or other health care professional before consuming any supplement, including CBN oil.
Where to Buy CBN Oil
Although quite a number of CBD products have entered the market, the availability of high quality CBN infused products is much more limited. Pure CBN products are hard to find, although as discussed above, eliminating the supporting cannabinoids may decrease its overall effectiveness. Therefore, CBN oil is typically mixed with CBD oil and infused into products such as gummies. Some companies take it a step further by infusing melatonin to maximize the product's sedative benefits such as these vegan melatonin sleep gummies infused with broad spectrum CBD and pure high quality CBN.
What to do before Buying Products with CBN Oil
It is pertinent to always check a company’s lab reports such as these before purchasing CBN oil. Not all lab reports are the same, it is important to ensure the lab report is a full panel report in that it also tests for toxins such as heavy metals and pesticides. A company that fails to test for these items is a company you should definitely stay away from.
CBN Oil for Anxiety
CBN may have health benefits for anxiety, however, more studies are needed on this subject. CBN as compared to other pharmaceutical drugs used to treat anxiety, provides an optimistic foundation for CBN's potential in this realm considering its natural plant derived properties.
Is CBN Legal?
This is a question that routinely crops up with anything related to the cannabis plant. Like CBD, CBN was legalized on the federal level in 2018 pursuant to the 2018 Farm Act which legalized the production of hemp as long as it contains no more than 0.3 percent Delta-9 THC. Therefore, since CBN is not THC, but one of the other many cannabinoids within the hemp plant, CBN was legalized pursuant to this Act.
Is CBN Psychoactive?
We dive into CBNs properties and whether it is psychoactive in our ultimate 2021 guide on the subject, but in essence, CBN is believed to only have 1/10th of the psychoactive properties of THC, if any at all. Therefore, consumers can be confident in that it will not produce the same effects as its more popular and abundant cousin, THC.
What you learned today:
- CBN is one of many cannabinoids derived from the cannabis plant.
- CBN is being studied, amongst other things, in association with the following: sedative, neuroprotectant, antibacterial, appetite suppression, anti-inflammatory, and glaucoma.
- Always check lab reports before purchasing and ensure they are full panel reports.
- CBN oil for anxiety needs more research.
- CBN was legalized federally pursuant to the 2018 Farm Act.
*nama makes absolutely no medical claims about CBN. No information in this article is to be used as medical advice. All potential benefits listed below are cited and linked to a study where the information is provided. Always consult a doctor before taking or using CBN. Moreover, this blog is for informational purposes only and is not intended to give you any legal advice. We recommend that you consult with an attorney before taking any actions with respect to cannabis, including hemp, marijuana, and/or any of their cannabinoids.